Over the years we have bred dogs to do all kinds of things, from companions to trackers to guard dogs. Because of this, dogs are the most diverse land animals in terms of physical appearance. You probably know that labs are short haired retrievers, and border collies are long haired sheep dogs. But there are many rare dogs out there whose function and form you probably don’t know about.
1. Carolina Dog
This breed is thought to be the oldest canine species in North America, they have found them on rock paintings by Native Americans. They share DNS with the Australian Dingo and New Guinea Singing Dogs, that is probably one of the reasons they are known as the “American Dingo”
2. Catahoula Leopard Dog
This is a breed that have extremely good hunting abilities, and have been favorites of famous hunters like Teddy Roosevelt. They are named after the Catahoula Parish in Louisiana where the breed originated.
This breed got some unique features, they have six toes on each foot, prick ears that they can control at will, they can also bend their head backwards until it touches its backbone. The reason they got these weird features is because they originally was bred to climb cliffs on Norwegian islands and retrieve live puffins. His structure allows him to grip, climb, descend and squeeze into small crevices.
Mudi is a Hungarian herding dog. They got a thick curly coat except in the face where they are smooth. These breeds or becoming more popular in the US with its versatile, energetic attitudes.
5. Neapolitan Mastiff
These enormous dogs were historically bred to help ou the romans in war. They wore body armor and blades so they could run under and disembowel enemy horses. It is a massive powerful breed that looks a bit intimidating, but is actually affectionate, calm, peaceful and loving. They enjoy family and friends.
This is probably the breed with the hardest name to pronounce. Show-low-eets-queent-lee, is how you say it. They are usually referred to as the “Mexican Hairless Dog” or “Xolo”. The breed was named after the god “Xoloti” And it is one of the oldest and rarest breeds. The breeds history is not well known. Clay likeness of the Mexican Hairless have been uncovered in ancient Mexican archaeological sites dating back more than 5,700 years.
7. Thai Ridgeback
Like the Rhodesian Ridgeback, the Thai Ridgeback has a line of hair growing in the opposite direction along the spine. The Thai Ridgeback have been found in eastern Thailand since the middle ages. Farmers in Thailand use them to guard their farms.
8. The Pachón Navarro
The Pachón Navarro is an extremely rare Spanish hunting dog that people once believed had superior sniffing skills because of the split/double nose. Today breeders know that they are only cosmetically different, they are not any better then a normal dog.
9. Tibetan Mastiff
This large, fearless dogs was traditionally bred to guard herds, flocks, families and sometimes entire villages. The most expensive dog ever sold was a Tibetan Mastiff in China for a whopping $1.5 million dollars.
10. Dandie Dinmont Terrier
This little terrier comes from Scotland, they are known for their short long body and their trendy hairstyle.
11. Bergamasco Shepherd
Bergamasco Shepherd has been used to herd animals in the Italian Alps for ages.
12. Peruvian Hairless Dog
This is a ancient breed that was the pet of Incan kings and is most known for being hairless
13. Swedish Vallhund
These guys are often confused for a “condensed husky” and it was the vikings that made this breed famous, that’s why they are known as a “viking dog”. They were the best at herding animals and catching vermin.
14. Russian Toy
This small little dog haven’t really been known outside of Russia until 20 years old. One of their most charming trait, and one of the easiest way to recognize them, is by their large furry ears.
15. Czechoslovakian Vlcak
The Czechoslovakian Vlcak, also known as the Czechoslovakian Wolf Dog is a relatively new breed. They are a mix of German SHepherds and Carpathian wolves, they wanted them to be tame like German Shepards but to have the stamina of wolves.